|gcc versus cfront (AT&T) firstname.lastname@example.org (1994-11-09)|
|Re: gcc versus cfront (AT&T) jbuck@Synopsys.COM (1994-11-10)|
|Re: gcc versus cfront (AT&T) email@example.com (1994-11-11)|
|From:||jbuck@Synopsys.COM (Joe Buck)|
|Organization:||Synopsys Inc., Mountain View, CA 94043-4033|
|Date:||Thu, 10 Nov 1994 18:51:23 GMT|
firstname.lastname@example.org (Jens H. Ovesen) writes:
>Just one (maybe not so simple to answer) question: What are the pros and
>cons of gcc and cfront from AT&T?
gcc is a very good C compiler. It is not a very good C++ compiler.
I will use "g++" to refer to the C++ part of gcc, as is common.
My background: I maintain the FAQ for the gnu.g++.help newsgroup, and
have used both g++ and cfront extensively.
In some respects g++ and cfront have much in common. They are the two
buggiest C++ implementations available. However, both are available on
a very wide variety of platforms, so once having worked around the bugs
you now have a very portable program.
g++ has more bugs. But g++ implements more of the language than cfront
does; porting a program developed under g++ to cfront will probably result
in a certain number of "sorry, not implemented" messages from the
compiler, sometimes for surprisingly basic things (predating templates).
cfront doesn't support exceptions and probably never will do a decent job
of them, since it's been shown (paper in the 1992 Usenix C++ Conference
proceedings from an HP author whose name I forget) that going to C as an
intermediate language necessarily imposes large costs for an exception
implementation even for code that doesn't use exceptions. g++ doesn't yet
do exceptions either (there is an "alpha" implementation for SunOS).
There are dozens of C++ compilers that are superior to either of g++
or cfront. If the quality of g++ disappoints you (it should) you should
investigate other alternatives. Almost everyone (Borland, Sun's new
compiler, IBM, DEC, HP) has done a better job than either of these
compilers; most implement exceptions. Many vendors who used to sell
cfront ports have abandoned them for a superior native compiler (Sun
is one recent example).
g++ is good enough for many types of research work, and has the advantage
that the compiler is widely available. But if you can't cope with the
quality problems, I don't think that you'll find cfront to be enough of an
cfront served an important purpose in the early days: as it produced C
output, it was widely portable and got the language into wide use.
But there's a very good reason why other compiler vendors aren't taking
this route (I know of only one C++ compiler other than cfront that
goes to C, and it is an obsure one).
-- Joe Buck <email@example.com> (not speaking for Synopsys, Inc)
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