Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (Tim Jordan)
29 Jul 91 00:56:20 GMT

          From comp.compilers

Related articles
Van Wijngaarden grammars (1991-07-22)
Re: van Wijngaarden grammars (1991-07-25)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (1991-07-25)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (1991-07-29)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (1991-08-02)
Van Wijngaarden grammars (Stephen J Bevan) (1991-08-02)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (Charles Lindsey) (1991-08-07)
Van Wijngaarden grammars (1996-02-24)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (1996-02-26)
Re: Van Wijngaarden grammars (Michael Parkes) (1996-02-27)
[3 later articles]
| List of all articles for this month |

Newsgroups: comp.compilers,comp.sources.wanted
From: (Tim Jordan)
Keywords: parse, FTP
Organization: Bellcore MRE
References: 91-07-047
Date: 29 Jul 91 00:56:20 GMT

In article 91-07-047 (Tim Jordan) writes:
>Does anybody out there know of any references on Van Wijngaarden grammars?
>[Does anyone actually use one? -John]

Glammar uses Van Wijngaarden grammars. Here's something I found on it.

----------------------------- START OF FOWARD MESSAGE ---------------------

Newsgroups: comp.archives
Reply-To: (Eric Vos)
Subject: [sources] GLAMMAR: text to text translator generator
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 90 22:52:06 GMT
Archive-name: text/translator/glammar/1990-12-14
Archive: []
Original-posting-by: (Eric Vos)
Original-subject: GLAMMAR: text to text translator generator
Reposted-by: (Edward Vielmetti)

Archive site: (
Archive directory: pub/GLASS/glammar.tar.Z

(Call for beta test sites)

              GLAMMAR ---- text to text translator generator.

Now available for anonymous ftp on "",
  at the University of Nijmegen (Netherlands).
Glammar is a powerful and efficient text to text translator generator
  for unix based systems.
Glammar descriptions are translated to C.
Applications range from front ends for compilers
to the description of natural languages.
Here is the introduction from the manual (+- 100 pages) of the
distribution (included in "dvi" format).

                                  1.Glammar: Front end compiler compiler

    A number of tools have been developed specifically to help construct transla-
tors. These tools range from scanner and parser generators to complex systems ,
variously called compiler-generators, translator-writing systems or compiler
compilers. They all require a specification of the source language and target
machine to produce a compiler for the source language that produces code for
the target machine. In Glammar, the description of both, the source language and
the associated target machine code, are specified in one same descriptive
language. The primary advantage of glammar as a compiler compiler is its struct-
ural simplicity. There is no need for the user to make double, losely connected,
specifications, nor the need to program in the traditional imperative style.
    Glammar is perhaps better being defined as syntax-directed text to text \
translation tool or as a pattern transformation language. Usage is not limited
to the development of (front ends for) compilers.

                          2.EAG, a language description language

    EAG is an acronym of Extended Affix Grammars. These grammars are an
extension of context free grammars. We assume the reader has at least some
basic knowledge of context-free grammars. The extensions are:

      (1)Affix expressions labeling nonterminals. This allows nonterminals to yield
            results. The results are composed of results of the members of a nontermi-
            nal together with constants and metanonterminals. Second affixes can be
            used for affix directed parsing which make it possible to describe context
            sensitive languages.
      (2)A metalevel. The metalevel acts as an abstraction mechanism and
            concerning the Glammar lattice feature it can be used as a very efficient
            unification mechanism.

                                      3. Should you use Glammar

    Glammar is most generally defined as a pattern transformation language.
Patterns and their transformations are specified together in one uniform
descriptive language. A grammar defining a pattern need not to be regular, LL
or LR. It may even be ambiguous. For simple grammars a parser created by
glammar is about as efficient as a YACC generated parser. More complex ones
usually have more C code in their YACC implementation and therefore gain some
speed in comparison with Glammar .
    The best comparison is to PROLOG's Definite Claus Grammars. Some differ-
ences are that Glammar

        - uses flow symbols
        - has an automatic memorizing option (absolute necessary for linguistic
        - offers finite lattices as a metagrammar (with some well defined operators)
            for very fast unification and finally
        - treats backtracking quite different.
        - directly translates to C.

    Glammar is used extensively by people designing and testing grammars for
English, American and Spanish. Glammar is also used in several Esprit projects
at the KU Nijmegen. It is used to implement a parser for Comma (COMputable
MAthematics) and has been used to implement Glass (General LAnguage for System


My new address is
>obsolete> Problems, bugs or comments can be reported to

  Eric Voss.
----------------------------- END OF FOWARD MESSAGE ---------------------

My new address is

Here is a list of people that migth also be of help to u

Hans Meijer PHD Programmar,

Some experienced glammar users:

  Marc Seutter, email
  Mark van der brandt email

I think it is worth trying because Glammar is for me to most ultimate
way to specify a text to text translator.

Succes !

Eric Voss en

Post a followup to this message

Return to the comp.compilers page.
Search the comp.compilers archives again.